#9 William Henry Harrison

 henry harrison

Term: March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841

Party: Whig

After Van Buren a democrat failed to bring our nation out of depression, we turned to William Henry Harrison. The nation had trusted him after the first modern presidential campaign filled with slogans such as “Old Tippecanoe and tyler too” and other advertisements. The first president to die during his term, William Henry Harrison died of Pneumonia thirty two days into his term. Prior to his presidency, he was a general during the war of 1812 and later on joined the house of representatives. He left his position as senator to run for office representing the Whig party. For the first time, the section of the Constitution about presidential succession was enacted as the Vice president would succeed if the president is unable to continue his duties. After his death, he was succeeded by vice president John Tyler. The succession of a president was put into more detail with the 25th amendment adopted in 1967 stating, that the vice president would succeed the president if he can no longer serve in office and also providing other detail to succession.

Section 1.

In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

Section 2.

Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Section 3.

Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Section 4.
Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.”

(information about 25th amendment taken from “http://www.ushistory.org/gov/7c.asp”)

bib:

William Henry Harrison. (2015). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 09:05, Apr 19, 2015, fromhttp://www.biography.com/people/william-henry-harrison-9329968.

http://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/william-henry-harrison

http://millercenter.org/president/harrison/essays/biography/print

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