#7 Andrew Jackson

7andrewjackson

Term: 1829-1837

Party: Democratic party

A military hero to the public, Andrew Jackson served in both the Revolutionary war and the War of 1812. Jackson appealed to the public as a “common man” and a representative which worked for the empowerment of all “common men”. Known as “Old Hickory”, Jackson was a near opposite of his predecessor John Quincy Adams in that he believed in a small central government. The roads and railroad funding from John Quincy Adam’s term would get no support from Jackson as he vetoed the bill to further construction. Jackson in his presidency alone vetoed more bill than every president before him  had combined, also he exercised the first “pocket vetoes” in U.S history.

In 1830, Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act which would relocate tribes (mainly Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chikasaw) into lands west of the Mississippi river if they agreed to give up their land. Despite the Acts promising peaceful negotiations, many natives were forced to relocate with threats of the use of military force. This relocation would be known as the Trail of Tears as many of the natives died of diseases and hunger during the harsh conditions walking to Indian territory in Georgia, North Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee, and Florida. In 1832, Andrew Jackson did not enforce the ruling that the State of Georgia had no right to move into Native territory as decided by the Supreme court.

Jackson’s next action as president would be towards the national bank. He would declare war on the second national bank that was created after the charter for the first nation bank  founded in 1791 by Washington and Hamilton. In 1833, Jackson would cease all federal funding to the second national bank which would be successfully removed by Jackson in 1836 when its charter expires.

As a president, Jackson was a very contradictory figure as he was loved by many as the representative of all Americans, but seen as tyrannical and abusive of his powers by others. Jackson would split the Democratic-Republican system into the two party system,his supporters would later on create the Democratic party that still exists today and his opposition would become the Whig party (a.k.a National Republicans) .

bib:

“Andrew Jackson.” The White House. The White House, n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.

https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/andrewjackson

“Miller Center.” American President: Andrew Jackson: Impact and Legacy. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2015

http://millercenter.org/president/jackson/essays/biography/9

“Andrew Jackson.” Andrew Jackson. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.

http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h154.html

https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/indian-treaties

http://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/andrew-jackson

http://www.history.com/topics/native-american-history/trail-of-tears

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/andrew-jackson-shuts-down-second-bank-of-the-u-s

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