#4 James Madison

04_james_madison

Term: 1809-1817

Party: Democratic Republican

James Madison, known as the “Father of the Constitution”. A federalist at the time the Constitution was drafted, favored a strong central government. He proposed the three branches of government(executive, legislative, and judicial) and a checks and balances system to ensure equal tasks and powers between each branch. After winning his election against Federalist party representative, Charles C. Pinckney, Madison entered office. The first problems that Madison had to deal with was the Napoleonic Wars in Europe and the Embargo Act of 1807. James Madison passed the Non-intercourse Act that now only restricts trade with Britain and France. When harassment of American ships continued, calls for war began to sound. In 1812, the U.S would declare war on Britain, marking the beginning of the War of 1812. During the war, the White house and Capitol Building were destroyed from British invasion and caused James Madison to flee to Maryland. The war ended with American victory and the Treaty of Ghent was signed to restore peace between nations.  

Fun Fact: James Madison is the shortest U.S president at 5’4″ (163cm)

Bib:

“British Troops Set Fire to the White House.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.

PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2015.

James Madison. (2015). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 09:41, Mar 18, 2015, fromhttp://www.biography.com/people/james-madison-9394965.

Kelly, Martin. “10 Things to Know About James Madison.” N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.

http://americanhistory.about.com/od/jamesmadison/tp/10-Things-To-Know-About-James-Madison.htm

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