#3 Thomas Jefferson

03_thomas_jefferson

Term: 1801-1809

Party: Democratic-Republican: led by Thomas Jefferson, favored a small central government and strong state government.

Thomas Jefferson was educated and practiced law before politics. When the British imposed taxes and passed acts, Jefferson showed his frustration. Thomas Jefferson supported independence from Britain and is still known as a founding father of the United States. After the American Revolution Jefferson was a part of committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence of which he is the author of.  

Declaration_of_Independence_by_JoeSnuffy

Declaration of Independence

Jefferson was elected as governor of Virginia for one term and after was appointed as Secretary of State under George Washington. Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, both advised Washington during his term, but had opposing views that would lead Jefferson to resign his position one year after Washington began his second term.

Election of 1797: Thomas Jefferson loses to John Adams and is given the position of Vice President. He role as Vice President was small as being that Adams was a federalist and Jefferson a democratic-republican, ideas often clashed. 

Election of 1800 (“Revolution of 1800”): The Federalist Party no longer supporting John Adams’ campaign, the electoral votes tied between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr. Jefferson won with a lead in votes from the House of Representatives. This election was known as the “Revolution of 1800” as the Federalist Party fell out of favor and the power was shifted to the Republicans.

Louisiana Purchase: As president, Jefferson lowered national debt and doubles the size of the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Thomas Jefferson buys the large amount of land from France for 15 million.

Embargo Act of 1807: During the Napoleonic Wars, American cargo ships and trade was affected by British and French Navy. Which would lead to Jefferson to pass the Embargo act that would close American ports and halt trade.

“On the impressment of our seamen, our remonstrances have never been intermitted. A hope existed at one moment, of an arrangement which might have been submitted to, but it soon passed away, and the practice, though relaxed at times in the distance seas, has been constantly pursued in those in our neighbourhood.”

-Thomas Jefferson 

Bib:

“Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello.” Embargo of 1807. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.

Thomas Jefferson. (2015). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 03:25, Mar 18, 2015, fromhttp://www.biography.com/people/thomas-jefferson-9353715.

“Digital History.” Digital History. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2015.

 

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