#2 John Adams

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Term: 1797-1801

Party: Federalist- party led by Alexander Hamilton (Secretary of Treasury under Washington),supports a strong central government.

John Adams was the first vice president of the United States and the second president. Before his presidency, Adams took part in criticizing British laws imposed in the colonies and after the Revolution he played a role in electing Washington.  Unlike Washington, Adams did not have any military experience, but he did have a background in law and a degree from Harvard. During the 1797 election, he ran for the federalist party against Thomas Jefferson, he did lose his second campaign to Jefferson  in 1801, making him the first one-term president. 

Judiciary Act of 1801: Also known as the “Midnight Appointments”, Adams passes the act and appoints judges to the new positions just before the inauguration of Thomas Jefferson.

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Abigail Adams, the second First Lady

One of the first activists for women’s rights, the wife of John Adams, Abigail was very involved in politics and was known to have influence on her husband during his presidency. She pushed for women’s rights and John Adams supported her, but failed to succeed in bringing greater equality to women.

“Remember the Ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the Husbands. Remember all Men would be tyrants if they could. If particular care and attention is not paid to the Ladies we are determined to foment a Rebellion and will not hold ourselves bound by any Laws in which we have no voice or Representation.”

-Abigail Adams

bib:

“First Lady Biography: Abigail Adams.” Abigail Adams Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.

“John Adams.” Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2015. Web. 18 Mar. 2015.

“Abigail Adams Asks Her Husband to “remember the Ladies”.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2015.

United States. National Park Service. “Abigail Adams.” National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 08 Mar. 2015. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.

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